Stained Glass Mission-Style Frame
SKILL LEVEL: (Adult 1-5: 1 being the easiest, 5 being most difficult) 2
TIME TO COMPLETE: 1 Day
· If solder does not flow smoothly—apply more flux.
· If seams bulge over the glass— there is too much solder…you may need to melt and pull off the excess.
· If solder spits or bubbles there’s too much flux…wipe some off. · Flat seams need more solder.
· Don’t stay in the same spot too long or the solder will bleed through or the glass will crack.
· Wipe your iron tip frequently on a wet sponge while you are soldering.
· Do not leave the soldering iron in one place to long; this can crack the glass or the solder can “melt through”. This means the solder will liquefy and fall through the foil seam between the glass pieces. You can put masking tape under the seam. This will prevent it from falling through. Remove the tape right away.
Step 1 PREPARTION
1. Begin by placing your tools on a sturdy, flat work surface in a well-ventilated area. Opening a window or using a fan will aid in creating a well-ventilated work area. Choose a work area where the project can rest undisturbed by children and pets. NOTE: Limiting the movement of a project will limit damage. Homosote board is a good work surface and can be purchased at a local building supply store.
2. Clean each piece of glass thoroughly with rubbing alcohol and a clean cloth. NOTE: Foil will not stick properly if your glass is not free from grim or oils.
3. Layout your glass pieces on your pattern. Number each piece of glass with a marker so that it corresponds to the numbers on the pattern.
Step 2 FOILING
1. The foil is what makes the solder adhere to the glass. Peel back 2”-3” of backing from the foil, hold glass with the edge toward you, and apply foil to glass so that it extends evenly over both sides of the glass. Crimp (fold) over edges making sure to fold corners neat and flat and even on both sides.
2. Burnish or rub flat foil using fid, pencil or Popsicle stick. Burnish the outside edge first, then the corners. Do not scrub, as you may rip the foil.
3. Use a craft knife (or sharp blade of any kind) to trim any excess foil creating a uniform edge along the face of the glass. Completely wrap the perimeter of the glass without leaving gaps.
4. Lay foiled piece over corresponding area on the pattern.
Step 3 SOLDERING
1. Plug in your soldering iron and place on work surface.
2. Re-align foiled glass pieces on pattern. Use metal push pins around the perimeter of the glass to hold them in place.
3. Apply a small amount of flux to copper foiled pieces. Too much flux will cause your seams to dull and oxidized over time. Apply flux only to areas that will be soldered within 10 minutes. Solder will not properly adhere to glass without foil and flux.
4. Pull out about 9 inches of solder from the spool. Do not cut it from the spool.
5. Hold soldering iron as you would a carving knife. Place the hot iron tip on the seam you want to solder. Place the solder from the spool about ½” up from the end of the soldering iron tip and gently push the solder into the tip, letting up on the amount of solder when you come to the end of the seam. Now wipe your tip on a wet sponge and put the iron back into its stand.
6. Completely solder seams by holding iron tip on the foil, perpendicular to the seam. Feed the solder into the tip as you move along the foil.
7. Allow project to cool, remove pushpins and flip, flux and solder all seams as on the front. NOTE: It is not necessary to tack solder the back. When flipping project over be careful; any straight edges/seams can act as a hinge and pull foil away from the glass.
8. To add an easel back to the frame, cut a length of wire 15 inches long. Bend and shape the length of wire form a – U –. Place the open edge of the – U – on the solder lines on either edge of the clear glass in the center of the frame. Apply a small amount of flux to the wire and tack solder into place. Now bend the – U – once again to form a – L –. The short leg of the –L– will rest on the counter and act as an easel back of the frame.
9. Wash glass thoroughly using warm water, soap and a soft brush when completely cooled. Clean both sides rinse well and dry.
1. Wear safety goggles when using glass crafting tools.
2. When working with glass, protect your feet and legs by wearing pants and closed toe shoes.
3. Soldering iron is extremely hot! Never touch the barrel or tip after the iron has been turned on.
4. Keep work area safe; use a heat resistant work surface or a soldering iron stand to rest your tool.
5. Never cool tool by dipping it into water.
6. Adult supervision should be used at all times for children under 13 years of age.
7. Use in a well ventilated area.
SOLDERING IRON WARNING: A soldering iron is used in the application of lead solder which is known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. Ingestion or inhalation of fumes or particles could cause lead poisoning. Use only with proper ventilation. Wash hands thoroughly before eating, drinking or smoking. SOLDER WARNING: THIS PRODUCT CONTAINS LEAD. Ingestion or inhalation of fumes or particles released through processing could cause lead poisoning. Absorption of lead may result in damage to the blood and neurological systems. Use only with adequate ventilation. Use NIOSH approved respiratory protection when necessary. Wash thoroughly before eating, drinking or smoking. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. Not for use in potable water systems. See Material Safely Data Sheet for further information.